The tendency for people to believe the world is "just" and therefore people "get what they deserve."
People fantasize that the world is "just," so when they witness something bad happening to someone, they often rationalize it by searching for things the victim might have done to deserve it. "She brought it on herself because she..." This deflects their anxiety, lets them continue to believe that the world is a just place, but at the expense of blaming victims for many things that weren't, objectively, their fault. A not-nice, but natural, way to judge people in need. We must learn to distinguish between true-karma and false-karma. The caste system in India is a classic case of false-karma because it sentences millions of the unborn to a slummy slot in life.